Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Labral Tears Special Test

Glenohumeral (Shoulder) Labral Tears Special Test


What can I do to find out if I might have a labral tear in my shoulder?



If you think that you might have a labral tear, there are a few special tests that can be done at home to see if there may be damage inside of your glenohumeral (shoulder) joint.


The first test to try is called the Grind Test. Here’s how to perform this test:

  1. Lie on a bed or table with your stomach facing upwards
  2. Have a parent, sibling, or roommate flex your elbow to 90 degrees & abduct (move out to side) your shoulder to 90 degrees
  3. Have that person grab the elbow with one hand & the top of the humerus with the other hand
  4. Apply pressure through the humerus to the labrum while rotating the head of the humerus around the surface of the labrum.

If you have a grinding or clunking sensation when going through this movement, you may have experienced a labral tear.


Another test that has a similar concept is called the Clunk Test. Here’s how to perform this test:

  1. Lie on a bed or table with your stomach facing upwards
  2. Have your helper fully abducts the arm while applying a force to the humeral head from the front & rotating the shoulder into external rotation.

If you again experience the grinding or clunking sensation, then you may have experienced a labral tear.


While these are only a few of many different special tests for the shoulder, they are easy to do at home to see if more assistance is needed. 


If you have experienced a shoulder labral tear, then check out our first rehab post here!


Featured Image By: G2 Orthopedics

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